A New Interchange Design Approach in Ontario

Residents and drivers in southern Ontario’s Niagara-on-the-Lake region will soon be using Ontario’s first Diverging Diamond Interchange.

The Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) and Glendale Avenue DDI will be the first diverging diamond interchange (DDI) constructed in Ontario, and only the third in Canada. The new interchange will improve the flow of traffic and enhance safety in a highly commercial area with significant volumes of tourist traffic.

DDI Updated

The DDI is a relatively new approach where traffic on the minor street (Glendale) diverges to the left-hand side of the road through two cross-over intersections. This enables left-turning traffic to access the major road (QEW) without having to wait for signals or cross oncoming traffic. This improves interchange functionality and significantly improves safety from a vehicle movement perspective by reducing the number of conflict points.

A diverging diamond design was selected over a traditional interchange for the QEW / Glendale Avenue interchange reconstruction because it provides:

  • Increased Efficiency – Requires fewer movements in the interchange and allows for unrestricted turning movements. Improves traffic flow and makes it easier for drivers to enter and exit the interchange.
  • Increased Safety – Reduces the number of turning movements resulting in fewer conflict points.
  • Enhanced Mobility – Accommodates pedestrians and cyclists via a multiuse path and there are fewer vehicle/pedestrian crossing points. Travel time for pedestrians and cyclists is thereby reduced.

DDI Updated 2

Although the concept is new to the region, moving through a DDI is quite simple and just as easy as any normal intersection. The unique design safely guides motorists through the interchange using two sets of traffic lights (one at each end) along with clear overhead signage and lane markings. To move from one side of the interchange to the other, drivers proceed through the first signal, cross over the length of the bridge on the left-hand side. Once on the other side of the bridge, they’ll reach another signal and cross back to the right-hand side. Left turns from the highway off ramp are easily made without having to cross oncoming traffic, increasing capacity and flow while reducing the conflict point.

Pedestrians and cyclists converge at the signalized intersections and pass through the interchange between the traffic lanes on a multiuse path that runs down the centre of the interchange. They are separated and protected from the traffic by concrete barriers.

DDI Updated 3

About The Project

Glendale Divering Diamond

  • Morrison Hershfield and our project partners, Brennan Paving and Construction, are working with the Ministry of Transportation Ontario and Niagara Region on the detail design and reconstruction of the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) and Glendale Avenue Interchange. In addition to the diverging diamond interchange, associated works include: ReconsGlendale Divering Diamond drawingtruct the Glendale Avenue / York Road intersection using a single-lane roundabout with channelization.
  • Construct a new Airport Road loop ramp and connection road from Glendale Avenue to York Road / Airport Road intersection.
  • Construct a new commuter carpool lot at the northwest quadrant of the interchange.
  • Rehabilitate the pavement on the QEW eastbound and westbound lanes between the east end of the Garden City Skyway bridge and QEW / Hwy. 405 split (~3.0 km).
  • Extend the right turning lane of Glendale Avenue between Taylor Road and Niagara-on-the-Green Boulevard.

Construction is divided into five stages. The project is currently heading into construction phase 3, including construction of the superstructure of the QEW / Glendale Avenue diverging diamond interchange underpass structure and construction of Airport Road connection and loop ramp. Completion is anticipated for 2023.

To learn more about the QEW and Glendale Avenue Interchange Replacement project please visit the official project website.

Morrison Hershfield is a market leading, employee-owned engineering firm committed to making a difference in our communities. We are anchored by exceptional technical expertise and high performing employees across North America. Our highly focused approach to the clients and markets we serve ensures that we deliver the value our clients demand.

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